1936 : The Inventors Heyday
Petre Cristèa , Ion Zamfirescu’s co-driver is using a locking system on both wheels and a handbrake without ratchet than can be let off in a flash the moment the driver lets go of it . As a result he is able to slew the car round at 180 degrees and gain time on the bends. The test “ start-stop-turn” is win in 1’5”
In a bold move the average is fixed at 55 km/h for the last 1.000 km. By contrast the ceiling is set at 60 km/h, the penalty for exceeding It bringue instant disqualification. The rules governing the mechanics of the car are toughened up in a big way : they will have to keep the same dimension of tyres throughout the Rally. In a uncertain Europe , where rumors of the popular front and the rise of nazism make bad filling . Both Germany and Italy ban foreign exchange out of the country and there is a very strict quota system on fuel purchases. ”Compared to last year 40% have defected “
Registered: 110-Started:81-Ranked: 72
Winners of the XVth Edition. 1st 🇫🇷engineer Ion Zamfirescu , copilote Petre G. Cristea driving a Ford V8 Spécial. Starts from Athenes 3.868 km
Ladies Cup : 1st 🇷🇺Mrs Marinovitch, copilote Mrs Hellé-Nice born Mrs Mariette Hélène Delangle , French model and dancer , both driving a Matford Car , starts from Tallin 4.000 km.
Ion Zamfirescu’s co-driver Petre G. Cristea in front their car Ford V8 Special. ( Copyright Archives ACM)
1935 : Injuries and Bumps
It’s a bad year for the ladies: many accidents
Registered: 170-Started:148-Ranked: 103
Rally starts from 14 towns.
The rules formalize the setting up of an enclosure where the cars will be parked on their arrival in Monte-Carlo and from which they can only leave to take part in the two tests that will determine the final ranking: the “ cold start “ and the “ start-stop-turn”. As they cannot be sure that the more crafty ones will not venture out in the dead of night to make some little adjustments they seal the car’s bonnets as they enter the enclosure. They are beginning to privilege timed performance without forgetting the GT, grand tourisme . “The Rally is like a match between the regulations which set up a string of obstacles and the virtuosity of the drivers who overcome them.”
Winner of the 14th Edition. Overall Ranking : 🇫🇷Charles Lahaye , copilote René Quatresous driving Renault Nerva Grand Sport5400 8 cylindres, cabriolet ‘Spéciale’
Starts from Stavanger the January 19th , 3.700 km
Ladies Cup: First 🇷🇺Mrs Marinovitch, copilote Mrs Lamberjack driving a Ford starts from Palermo 4.072 Km .
Charles Lahaye , copilote René Quatresous driving Renault Nerva Grand Sport540
1934 : A Little Flexibility
Registered: 161, Started:148-Ranked: 114
19 departure city, 4 convergence routes
It is accepted that if defeated by bad weather teams will be able to divert to a more accessible route , but it will cost up to 50 penalty points. The overall average speed remain fixed at 40 km/h, but is increased to 50 km/h on the last 1.000 km of each of the four convergence routes where competitors will driving one behind the other .
Winners of the 13th Edition. Overall Ranking all categories: 1st 🇫🇷Louis Gas , copilote Jean Trèvoux driving a Hotchkiss AM80 S six cylinders .Starts from Athenes 3786 km
Ladies Cup: 1st Mrs🇫🇷 Fernandez Hustinx, copilote Simone Louise de Forest ( one of the first woman in France to get driving license at 19 years old) . Driving a Peugeot 301. Starts from Bucarest 3.772 km. Mrs Hustinx add a new oil to his engine , Spidoleine , just to prevented damage by frost
Louis Gas who will prove to be a finest driver in the first Tie-breaker to be timed to 100th of a second
( Copyright Archives ACM)
ONLY ONE WINNER FOR TWO RALLY 1932 and 1933
🇬🇧- 50 Days
1933: Balancing The Routes
Registered: 129, Started:109-Ranked: 71
For this year onwards a better balance between the routes starts to take shape, paving the way for the modern formula that will be used up to 1997. They decide to allocate a quota of points at the starts , which will take into account not only distance but also the challenges faced by participants. The Greek capital therefore receives the highest score of 1.000 points ! Seals will be affixed to the engine and chassis and their absence on arrival will result in disqualification.
Winners of the 12th Edition. Overall Ranking all categories: 1st 🇫🇷Maurice Vasselle driving a Hotchkiss AM80 S six cylinders , equipped with grist-stone grille. Starts from Tallin 3780 km
Ladies Cup: 1st mrs🇫🇷 Marguerite Mareuse et Miss Louise Lambertjack on Peugeot 391, 1.461 cm3. 13th at Overall Ranking. Starts from Tallin, 3.780 km
Maurice Vasselle 1933 Rally First on Hotchkiss AM80 S six cylinders ( Copyright Archives ACM)
ONLY ONE WINNER FOR TWO RALLY 1933 and 1932
🇬🇧- 50 Days
1932 : Inflexible Flexibility !
The regulations will only eat minor modifications. The average is set at 38 per hour for small vehicles and 43 for the others . From 1932 Ladies Cup can be won by a female driver only if she has just two passengers on board and under the express condition that no other car is following her : she will have no help at the will !
Winners in the 11th Edition. Overall Ranking Category 1, more than 1.500 cm3: 1st 🇫🇷Maurice Vasselle copilote Peugeot driving a Hotchkiss AM2 with an independent tyre system invented by Peugeot . These meant that potholes and bumps could be taken at a faster speed than with a classic system .Starts from Umea, Sweden . 3.751 km
Ladies Cup : 1st Mrs 🇬🇧Morna Lloyd Vaughan, aged 49, driving a Triumph Nine Coupé, copilote Miss Charlotte Nash , med student . Starts from Umea, Sweden. 3.751 km, 3.150 miles. Mrs Vaughan will be the winner even thought, during race, she stopped for 50 minutes , under the rain , to give first aid to some road traffic victims, which delayed her arrival in Monaco . But her efforts were applauded all the more. 6th to Ranking Category 2, light car under 1.500 cm3. Mrs Vaughan will participate at nine Monte-Carlo’s Rally from 1932 till 1952.
1832 Maurice Vasselle 1st on a Hotchkiss AM2 ( Copyright Archives ACM)
1931 : An Eternity of Less Than Four Minutes ( Jacques Bignanwill not win the Rally as he arrived at the checkpoint in Strasbourg four minutes after it close.)
Registered: 149-Started:111-Ranked: 62
Rally starts from 27 towns. The name of the departure towns will not be revealed until after the closing date for entries.
There are only two car’s categories allowed : those with cylinders up to 1.100 cm3 which must have two passengers and maintain an average speed of 35 km/h , over 38 km/h means elimination . Then there are the more powerful cars with four passengers, although two can be replaced by ballast and which must stick to 40 km/h and not go above 43 km/h. At least time-keeping has made huge strides thanks to Henri Petit and Marc Chauvière : with electric devices times can’t be measured to a hundredth of a second .
Competitions for comfort and photography are again proposed.
Winner of the 10th Edition Car Ranking Category 2, cars over 1.100 cm3 : 🇫🇷 Donald Henley driving a Invicta 4467 cm3 engine. Starts from Stavanger , 3.638 km
Winner of the 10th Edition Light CarRanking Category 1 , light cars less than 1.100 cm3: 🇬🇧Leverett on Riley “9” engine 4 cylinder of 60.3 mm., and 95.2 mm. Starts from Stavanger , 3638 km
Category 2: First 🇬🇧Lady Eda Jardine on Lancia starts from Stavanger 3.638 km
Category 1: First Mrs 🇫🇷Jeanne, driving a Rosengart, starts from Stavanger 3.638 Km
Healey on Invicta , winner of 10th Edition ( Copyright Archives ACM)
1930 : The European Web
Registered: 142-Started:127-Ranked: 88
Rally starts from 28 towns. New city names are being added to those with already part of the Rally’s history.The list features the most remote metropolises which tempt the favorites to go all out for victory.
Three classes by cylinder size :less than 1.500 cm3, less than 3.000 cm3 and over 3.000 cm3.
Winner of the 9th Edition. Overall Ranking : 🇫🇷Hector Petit driving a La Licorne 5CV with 904 ccm engine. Starts from Jassy , the further town, 3.518 km
Ladies Cup: First Mrs Doré (wife of the Franch Speed Champion 1925 Michel Doré) , driving a Chenard a Walcker, starts from Tallin 3.474 Km
This tiny La Licorne of Hector Petit will cover 3.518 km having already been driving 3.000 ketone get to Jassy for the start.( Copyright Archives ACM)
🇬🇧 -53 Days
1929 : The Recognition
Rally starts from 27 towns , 28 different itineraries
Winner of the 8th Edition. Overall Ranking : 🇳🇱 Doctor Sprenger Van Eijk driving a Graham Paige US de 27CV, 4718 cm3 , starting from Stockholm 2.963 km
Ladies Cup: First Mrs 🇺🇸 Lucy O’Reilly Shell driving a Talbot M67 2L, 2 054 km from Berlin . 8th at Overall ranking. Everywhere there is snow and glass, Mrs Shell will congratulated driver 🇧🇪 Francotte as without him , she and several others would not have figured in the overall ranking. The brave Francotte will be not rewarded for his altruism as he will miss the deadline !
Following suggestions from drivers the regularly test became more rigorous, its length increased to 160 km. Four hidden speed controls will be set up on the course. On each section drivers have to maintain an average spirit at 32 km/h. On the rest of the race the organizers admit that cars are being driving faster and being boldly taken up to the maximum 43km/h allowed. To confirm the sporting nature of the event the minimum for elimination is fixed at 30km/h. The comfort and photography competitions are retained. The Comfort competition upholds a Monegasque ideal to influence bodywork and interior layout … to progress in the car industry.
Notice: the Monaco Rally as a brother in the Principality as the Grand Prix was born in 1929, but this is an other equally exciting story.
🇬🇧 -54 Days
1927 : The Recovery
Registered: 77-Started:60-Ranked: 47
Rally starts from 25 towns , 26 different itineraries
Winner of the 7th Edition. Overall Ranking : 🇫🇷Jacques Lucien Valentin Bignan driving a Fiat 509 990 cm3, starting from Bucarest
3 030 km
Ladies Cup: First Mrs 🇫🇷 Charlotte Versigny driving a Talbot from Bucarest ,third overall, one of the best-ever results for a female driver, to this day.
🏆 A new initiative : during the gala dinner was organized a prize for the drivers’photography competition , Miss Brunell won .
Jacques Bignan, Fiat 509 990 cm3 ( Copyright Archives ACM)
1927 : Something Missing
Registered: 65-Started:63-Ranked: 45
Rally starts from 24 different towns
Winner of the 6th Edition. Overall Ranking :🇫🇷Marcel Lefebvre-Despeaux driving a car Amilcar 7 CV engine 1100 cm3 . He starts from Koenigsberg with four passengers
2 643 Km
Organizers make a drastic decision to cancel all routes starting in Africa , “to prevent some competitors from covering great distance without being up against the maximum of difficulties”
Ladies are formally allowed to participate at the Rally , mrs Mildred Bruce win the Ladies Cup , starting from John o’Groats , 2461 km
Marcel Lefebvre-Despeaux Amilcar 7 CV travelled 2 643 km in 74 Hours and 10 minutes ( Copyright Archives ACM)
1926 : Odd One Out and à Shortage
Registered:44-Started:37 -Ranked: 23
Winner of the 5th Edition Overall Ranking (Cars): honorable VICTOR AUSTIN BRUCE in his Bristol (AUto Carriers Ltd) Tourer 2 Liters 6 cylinders . Starts from John O’Groats 2461 km.
The Sport Automobile et Vélocipèdique de Monaco club agreed to change its name to the Automobile Club de Monaco. The rule are extended to include more obligations: the minimum weight of a driver or passenger is 60 Kg , if one passenger fall ill…they will just tie up a 60kg bag of sand and put that in the car. At the end of the Rally all participants are invited, for the first time , at a Gala dinner . The initiative is highly appreciated.
Bristol AC Tourer of honorable Victor Austin Bruce ( Copyright Archives ACM)
1925: The Reaction
Winner of the 4th Edition Overall Ranking (Cars):
🇫🇷François Repusseau ( with his wife and two others passengers )driving a Renault 40CV Type NM 9121 cm3 , starting from Tunis , 4501 km. The same year François Repusseau has been knighted , in the National Order of the French Legion of Honor.
Just to Notice : Winner of the main car get 20.000 francs and the cycle-car or mini-car categories get 5.000 francs .
Rules of the Rally are reviewed and rewritten favoring longer distances and number of passengers . By giving six points for each passenger, with the ceiling set on 20 points, manufacturers would be encouraged to highlight modern conveniences in their vehicles. Regards the speed, maximum points are earned by driving at an average of 30km/h, including all stops, with cars eliminated for doing 15 km/h or 40 km/h.
🇬🇧 -58 Days
1924: a Modest Recovery
Winner of the 3rd Edition Overall Ranking: 🇧🇪Jacques Edouard Ledure driving a Bignan , starting from Glasgow , 2006 km
After the Great War the global economy has somehow erased the problems of the past and in Monaco tourism finds its feet again. An “automobile week” was organized March 8th to 15th with a great success . The only time a Rally was organized during springtime. Antony Noghés renames the rally “The Monte-Carlo Automobile Rally”. The major innovation is the inclusion of a regularity trial in the hills behind Monaco which will take place the day after the finish in Monaco . On the 83,5 km course, starting and finishing Monte-Carlo. The principle introduced in 1924 of having to respect a precise speed or risks penalty is used for today’s Historic Monte-Carlo Rally.
Ledure’s Bignan winner of the only Rally to take place in March and probably the least know in the history of the Rally (copyrights Archives ACM)
🇬🇧 -59 Days
1912: The Capitol And The Tarpeian Rock
Registered : 97- Started : 65 -Ranked : 54
Winner of the 2nd Edition Overall Ranking : 🇩🇪 JULIUS BEUTLER in a Berliet Limousine 16HP , makes 1700 Km from Berlin to Monaco.
This year there is a pioneer at the wheel: Miss Cabieu in a two-cylinder Lion Peugeot makes Paris to Monaco at an average speed of 32km/h… but women are not officially allowed to compete. Another 14 years will go by before the Ladies Cup is invented !
Berliet Limousine 16 HP ( copyright Archives ACM)
“Have a look on My Blog : a special countdown to the 88th Monte-Carlo’s Rally starts from yesterday 27th November till Sunday 26th January 2020. Every day , thanks to the ACM’s Archives, i’ll post exclusive photos of the winners of this fantastic Rally , starting from the most important race of World Championship in 1911 : the Monte-Carlo’s Rally”
🇬🇧 -60 Days
1911 : A Shaky Start and Stormy Finish
Registered :23- Started :20 -Ranked:18
Ranking for Speed : 🇫🇷HENRY ROUGIER , famous aviator, win in a Turcat-Méry 25HP, starting 24th January from Paris Place de la Concorde at 8am .
1020 km , average 36,213 km/h
First Prize : the Prince of Monaco Cup more 10,000 franc in cash
Turcat- Méry 25 HP , Henry Rougier ‘s car
“Have a look on My Blog : a special countdown to the 88th Monte-Carlo’s Rally starts from today 27th November till Sunday 26th January 2020. Every day , thanks to the ACM’s Archives, i’ll post exclusive photos of the winners of this fantastic Rally , starting from the most important race of World Championship in 1911 : the Monte-Carlo’s Rally “
🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨 🇲🇨